Lord's Prayer Put Man on the Moon

19th century microphotography directly led to NASA guidance computers
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Micro Lord's Prayer Put Man on the Moon


* Microphotography invented in 1800s
* Lord's Prayer became a "reference standard"
* Micro prayer led to modern computer circuits
* Directly responsible for Moon landing guidance computers
* Apollo 11 50th year anniversary on July 20, 2019


By FRANK DEFREITAS for WONDERS OF THE BIBLE
PUBLISHED: May 1, 2019 | UPDATED: May 15, 2019

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Lecture Podcast:
Lord's Prayer Put Man on the Moon



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ARTICLE: Micro Lord's Prayer is directly responsible for modern computer circuits that put man on the moon in 1969.

The author examines a nineteenth century microphotograph through his microscope.
(above photo): Microphotographs are so small that they cannot be seen with the unaided human eye. Before magnification, they are the size of an average snowflake. Here I am examining one before placing it into my microscope to view.

It took a lot of science and technology to put an astronaut on the surface of the moon, but as you'll see, the real credit for getting there should be given to the Lord's Prayer…

Hello, my name is Frank DeFreitas and I would like to welcome you to Wonders of the Bible.

The Lord's Prayer has been used as a reference standard to show scientific and technological advancements in miniaturization for over 150 years.

On today's program, we are going to discuss how the Lord's Prayer was directly responsible for putting the first man on the moon.

There have been many Christian related events associated with the moon landings of the NASA Apollo program. I would like to mention a few:

First, we have the famous reading of the Biblical account of Creation in Genesis, taking place as Apollo 8 broadcast from orbiting the moon on Christmas Eve 1968. We didn't land on the moon during that trip, but it was the furthest we've ever been from Earth. The astronauts orbited the moon ten times.

Two examples of nineteenth century microscopic lords prayers as seen through microscopes.
(above photo): PLAIN and FANCY... Two examples of nineteenth century microscopic Lord's Prayers as seen through microscopes. Note the extraordinary beauty and detail (right image) for something so small (right image of 19th century John Benjamin Dancer's Lord's Prayer)

On July 20, 1969, with Apollo 11, we landed the first humans on the moon. Right after landing, the first holy communion was performed by astronaut Buzz Aldrin, while he was still in the cabin of the lunar lander. In fact, since this took place very shortly after the LEM touched down, some of the very first words spoken on the moon were those first spoken from Jesus Christ himself: Aldrin read from the Book of John, chapter 15, verse 5. 'I am the vine, ye are the branches. He that abideth in me, and I in him the same, bringeth forth much fruit. For without me, ye can do nothing.’

Next on the list, we have the microfilm Bibles carried to the surface by Apollo 14 commander Dr. Ed Mitchell in 1971. And an actual physical Bible was left on the steering column of one of the lunar rovers by Apollo 15 Commander Dave Scott.

As you can see, Christianity, the Holy Bible, and the moon have a lot in common. However, when it comes to the process of actually *getting* to the moon, all of the events that I just mentioned must be placed under the category of "incidentals". The reason being, is that they had little to do *directly* with the science and technology involved with *getting* to the moon.

The Lord's Prayer is different. It IS *directly* responsible in helping us get there. And I'm going to tell you the story of how and why …

The beginning of the story takes us back to the 19th century.

Microphotography was invented by John Benjamin Dancer of England in 1839 and perfected in the mid 1800's. The first microscopic Lord's Prayer began as a microphotograph. Utilizing the simplest of equipment, including the use of a single candle for illumination and exposure onto early light sensitive emulsion, Dancer was able to achieve an astonishing reduction ratio of 160:1.

Many others followed Dancer, by using the Lord's Prayer as their own example for demonstration and exhibits. As such, it quickly became what is known as a "reference standard". Out of all of the many different microphotographs of the mid 1800's, including those of artwork, travel and famous people, if you wanted to show that you could do something smaller than the previous efforts of others, the Lord's Prayer is what you would use to do it.

Micro Lord's Prayer entries were displayed at the largest science and technology exhibitions in the world. And those events would include such prestigeous events as the 1851 Great Exhibition in London, the 1915 San Francisco Exposition, the 1933 Chicago World's Fair Century of Progress; and many, many more.

Crowds of people would stand in long lines, in Europe and America, just to catch a glimpse of the world's smallest Lord's Prayers through the beautiful, brass microscopes of the day.

American Type Foundry and handwritten example of micro Lords Prayers.
(above photo): American Type Foundry (left) and handwritten example (right) of micro Lords Prayers. The ATF sample (left) has 66 words and 271 characters including punctuation. The letters being only .0026 inches high and .0002 inches in thickness. I'll have a very special presentation on handwritten Lord's Prayers (right) in an upcoming installment.

The Lord's Prayer, The Apostles Creed, and The Ten Commandments were ALL famous microphotographs that were so small, they could not be seen by the unaided human eye. They could only be read under microscopes.

While the science and technology behind microphotography may seem very antiquated in comparison to modern methods, it was a *very* serious science and technology for its time. As an example, during the Franco-Prussian war of 1870-71, microphotographs of battle plans and dispatches were regularly flown by carrier pigeons back and forth between Paris and the battlefields. Once received, the microfilm would be greatly enlarged and projected onto walls with the use of the famous Magic Lantern projectors.

In World War II, microphotography techniques were used by the United States (with VictoryMail) and England (with Airgraph), to reduce the amount of cargo space that mail would require.

It continued to be the content of choice for well over a century, moving into other methods such as micro engraving, and even typography. It became *very* popular with handwriting. People would test their skill at writing the smallest Lord's Prayer that they could write. One of the world's most famous historical figures that gave it a try was inventor Thomas Edison.

Today, in the 21st century, we have scripture traveling on laser beams, and being stored with nanotechnologies such as 3-dimensional laser holograms.

For our purposes here today, however, I would like to show how micro Biblical scripture -- and the Lord's Prayer in particular -- eventually led the way to satellites, space exploration, and landing the first human on the moon.

Just how did this happen? Well, I'm glad that you asked!

John Benjamin Dancer's microphotography from the 19th century eventually led to 20th century micro data storage media such as microfilm. This, in turn, led to micro photo-lithography of computer memory chips and circuitry. The computer chips and circuits that you are using right at this very moment … here in the 21st century.

James Queen Company, scientific instrumentation, Philadelphia, PA
(above photo): If you wanted to own your own microscopical Lord's Prayer back in the 1800's you would get one from a scientific instrumentation company. Here is one from the James Queen Company, 924 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia, PA -- one of the largest suppliers of scientific apparatus in the 19th century.

The early computer circuits that placed the first man on the moon were the *direct descendants* of the microphotography of the 1800s: the same microphotography that brought us the famous Lord's Prayer.

It is the great, great, great, grandfather of everything that is performed with micro and nano scale technologies in today's world.

In other words: "The computers that put man on the moon began with microphotography … and microphotography began with Biblical Scripture."

1960s 3D stereo lenticular commemorating the July 20, 1969 Apollo 11 landing on the moon.
(above photo): Now-vintage 1960s 3D stereo lenticular commemorating the July 20, 1969 Apollo 11 landing on the moon (not 3D on your screen).

So let's break it down:

1. Back in the 1800's, the microscopic Lord's Prayer became the reference standard for showing advancements in miniaturization.

2. Microphotography eventually led to Microfilm and Microfiche.

3. Microfilm and Microfiche eventually led to micro and nano photo lithography.

4. Micro and nano photo lithography led to the development of computer chips and circuits.

5. Computers (tracing their printed circuitry roots back to microphotography) provided the necessary calculations to put the first man on the surface of the moon in 1969.

Its not too often in today's world, where one can see something that they have never seen before. I often hear viewers of all ages saying "I've never seen anything like this!" or "That's impossible, where is it?". When they look through the microscopes, it makes us happy to know that we are able to have people experience scripture in ways that they have never experienced it before.

Along with my wife Debi, we volunteer our time and services to help spread the good news of Jesus Christ to the public through presentations to churches, organizations, fairs, and conferences. In total, we have reached tens of thousands of people from all walks of life, from all age groups, and from all denominations.

An early 20th century jeweled Stanhope cross showing the Lords Prayer through a lens.
(above photo): A built-in magnifying lens enlarges a micro Lord's Prayer inside this 19th century jeweled cross. The magnifier is a modified Stanhope lens. Invented by René Dagron in 1857, he received "honorable mention" when displaying them at the 1862 London Exhibition. He presented one to Queen Victoria. They are still popular today in the 21st century.

As a laser holographer, my own contribution to the world's smallest Lord's Prayer utilizes lasers and holographic data storage. It is the diameter of a single human hair (100 microns). At its unveiling in 2013, seventy thousand people attended World Maker Faire at the New York Hall of Science. As an interesting side note, and a surprise to me, was meeting youth who had never even heard of the Lord's Prayer. They were seeing it, and reading it, for the very first time on a beam of laser light.

So the next time you look up at the moon in God's great Heaven above, remember hearing about the history of microscopic Lord's Prayer. And how it helped to have someone walk on the moon … and, some day, beyond.

For more information, including photographs showing examples of microscopic Lord's Prayers, along with addtional resources, just visit wondersofthebible.org, and look for the tab that says "Lectures".

This is Frank DeFreitas, and May God Bless You Today, and Every Day … AND … remember to always love others, just as Jesus Christ loves you.

"Science is the study of the physical manifestations of God in action."
-- Frank DeFreitas (Click Here for BIO)

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